The Presidio Golf Course is
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Presidio Golf Course

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Presidio Golf Course

About Presidio Golf Course

Located within a national park, San Francisco’s Presidio Golf Course is renowned for its spectacular forest setting, as well as its challenging play. Once restricted to military officers and private club members, today the 18-hole course is open to the public. Presidio G.C. offers a full service restaurant, a driving range and practice facility, and an award winning golf shop that offers the latest in golf equipment and apparel. Presidio Golf Course is a contributing feature of the Presidio’s National Historic Landmark status. It is also notable for its environmentally sensitive management practices.

The Course

God shaped this land to be a golf course. I simply followed nature.
– John Lawson, designer of the first course

Presidio Golf Course is built on a variety of terrains. Holes are constructed over a base of adobe clay, rock, sand, or a combination of all three. The early Presidio Golf Course was short, but challenging. Players were often shocked by the level of difficulty and natural obstacles. Lawson Little, stamped by Golf Magazine as the greatest match player in the game’s history, said, “I have played the best courses here and abroad, but none more enjoyable than my home course of Presidio. I learned how to strike the ball from every conceivable lie. Presidio demands accuracy, but being a long hitter, I also had to learn how to hook or fade around trees. I had the reputation of being a strong heavy-weather golfer; well, Presidio has powerful wind, rain, fog, sudden gusts, and sometimes all four on any given round.”

Environmental Sensitivity

Presidio Golf Course has been recognized as a leader in environmentally sensitive golf course management, winning the 2001 “Environmental Leader in Golf Award”. Since 2000, the course has reduced overall pesticide use by approximately 50%, and currently uses approximately 75% less pesticide than private courses in San Francisco. The course also received certification from Audubon International as a partner in the Audubon Cooperative Sanctuary Program in 2003.

The course uses an innovative form of pest management and turf management called compost tea. “Compost tea” is a solution made by soaking compost in water to extract and increase the beneficial organisms present in the compost. It is then sprayed over the greens. The result is turf with longer root growth and less plant disease fungi.

Presidio Golf Course, A National Historic Landmark

A National Historic Landmark Since 1962

Originally designed by Robert Wood Johnstone, the golf course was expanded in 1910 by Johnstone in collaboration with Wiliam McEwan, and redesigned and lengthened in 1921 by the British firm of Fowler & Simpson.

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Historic Presidio Golf Course

Golf Course History

One of the oldest courses on the West coast, the Presidio Golf Course has a storied history.

It was built in 1895 when Colonel William M. Graham, the Presidio’s commander at the time, allowed a group of businessmen known as the San Francisco Golf and Country Club to create a nine-hole course within the post. Greens fees were just 50 cents. The Presidio’s signature trees were at first absent, since the huge stands of eucalyptus and Monterey pine had not fully grown in.

The founders hoped for a quick expansion, which the Army did not immediately approve. Many of the original members thus left the Presidio for a new course near Lake Merced. The remainder formed the private Presidio Golf Club (PGC), whose members were allowed the same “courtesies and privileges” that officers enjoyed. Though no one knows for certain what these privileges were, it is clear the relationship was amiable. The course was ultimately expanded to a full 18 holes in 1910.

Sometimes the course was called into service for non-recreational purposes. President Theodore Roosevelt reviewed the troops on the links in May 1903. Three years later, the course was used as a refugee camp for survivors of the 1906 earthquake.

An incident in 1912 threatened to destroy golf in the Presidio. Reportedly, an Army officer ordered two civilians off the green because they were not members of the PGC. The quarrel resulted in orders that forbade golf on the Presidio. Representative Julius Khan and Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane interceded on the PGC’s behalf, and the Army eventually relented.

In 1913, the PGC took responsibility for course maintenance and management. Dues collected from both the PGC and the United Service Golf Club, whose members consisted of commissioned officers of various branches of the Armed Forces, helped to fund the total cost of operation. The club continued to grow, and so did the course. In 1920, the London golf architectural firm of Fowler & Simpson enlarged the course and installed a watering system. Thousands more trees were planted along the course in the 1930s when the Works Progress Administration built a tree nursery in the Presidio.

In 1956, the need arose for an automatic sprinkler system that would cost $100,000. The Army funded the repairs, but required that the PCG transfer operational responsibility for the course to the Army. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, attempts were made to reduce or eliminate civilian membership. However, the spirit of unity and commitment to an agreement made decades before between the two organizations always prevailed.

When the Presidio became a national park site, the course was opened to the community, and a new public clubhouse was built in 1999. However, the private Presidio Golf Club still exists and operates its own clubhouse just outside the park. The building is so close that the awning over the front walkway hangs over the boundary, and a final step out places one on Presidio grounds.

With all the history echoing down its fairways, it would seem impossible to overlook such a significant piece of the Presidio. Yet, according to the book Defender of the Gate, the Army discovered in 1964 that the historic course had never been added to the Presidio’s list of real property. The omission was quickly corrected: “Item 71, June 30, 1964-Golf Course, 18 holes, 149.6 acres, built 1905 (sic), ‘Found on Post.'”

Notable Players

Presidio Golf Course has hosted some of the world’s most famous golfers. Babe Ruth, Bob Hope, Bing Crosby, Charles Schulz, and Joe DiMaggio played here. As Rosenbaum tells it in his book, the famously reclusive DiMaggio insisted on “crack of dawn sessions so his ‘crude’ attempts at learning the game were hidden from public view.” His friend Walter Frick described DiMaggio’s game as “good off the tee, but his second shots were weak and his short game inconsistent. Now I know why he never bunted… he had no short game.”